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Germany A-Z travel guide 2020: Hamburg

On an early May weekend each year historical craft of all kinds, including tall ships and windjammers, sail into Hamburg’s harbour with fanfare and general merriment. Germans call this regatta and festival the Hafengeburtstag and, although it’s only a few decades old, the celebration is based a tradition going back 830 years.

The story behind the May date starts in 1189, which has been associated with a concession on trade duties for ships entering the river Elbe from the North Sea. The exemptions are treasured and, even though the city lies on the river, the sea has meant everything to Hamburg, Germany’s largest port and second most populous city.

In the 8th century, a ring fortress called Hammaburg had been built at the present Domplatz. The area was then inhabited by pagan Saxons who came into conflict with the Franks under their evangelising king Charlemagne. The Hammaburg was probably expanded early in the 9th century, and the northern missionary St Ansgar set up a wooden church and a bishopric that was soon united with Bremen. The first small port likely developed during this period. The fortress was destroyed in a Viking raid of 845 but rebuilt.

The first cathedral appeared in the 11th century. But existence remained precarious and, after further attacks, the fortification was pulled down and replaced with a long rampart and ditch that isolated the settlement by connecting adjacent lakes. This lasted until town walls were built in the 12th century and a tower foundation from these, called the Bischofsturm, can be seen today.

Hamburg adopted Lübeck trading law and count Adolf I von Schauenburg, it was claimed, in 1189 wrung the celebrated free-trade agreement from the emperor Frederick Barbarossa. It was the basis for Hamburg’s prosperity.

Hamburg endured a generation of Danish occupation but in 1241 made an alliance with Lübeck that was the genesis of the Hanseatic League of trading cities. The first cobbled road, which became known as Steinstraße, marked the east-west trade route. The port’s position oriented the city towards the west and, while Lübeck gradually declined from the 14th century, Hamburg benefited increasingly from close links with London.

As Hamburg’s wealth increased, its fortifications were extended and became perhaps the most powerful in Europe. This was critical during the Thirty Years War, when the city became a sanctuary for French and Dutch Protestants. The Reformation of Hamburg was completed through strict reforms and no Catholic masses were held in the city for almost 300 years. Hamburg’s grand fortifications, now vanished, are today remembered by the green and walkable spaces known as Große Wallanlagen.

Little remains from this early period. The rotary crane Neuer Krahn on the Zollkanal replaced a 16th century survival of the late medieval Hamburg port. Like others of the period, it was operated by treadmill but may have been able to lift two tonnes. It is preserved as a sign of the former inner port close to the old city centre.

But restored buildings on Deichstraße provide a glimpse of the 17th and 18th century city that housed merchants, their offices and their goods in one place. These back onto the Nikolaifleet canal that served them for loading and dispatch. Hamburg does not preserve the late Gothic and Renaissance architecture of Lübeck, but northern red brick is still clearly in evidence.

The 17th century Krameramtsstuben were living quarters maintained for the widows of guildsmen among small traders and shopkeepers. They are now a location for boutique shops and cafes, but one dwelling is open to the public as the Kramer-Witwen-Wohnung, tiny but providing comfort during the periods for which it has been restored. The dwellings also provided some guarantee of the security of single women in a port city.

Hamburg’s Western orientation grew links with the Americas. Most German and central European emigrants to the United States embarked in Hamburg and its role in the South American commodities trade proved lucrative. The broad estuary of the Elbe accommodated free traffic even as the size and draught of trading ships grew.

Hamburg became a separate state in 1806 before spending a short time under Napoleon’s rule. Freedom returned in 1814 but a great fire in 1842 caused wide destruction, raging for four days and destroying about one-third of the city – almost 2000 buildings – and making 20,000 people homeless. But this disaster offered an opportunity to modernise the city’s layout and port. Growth surged despite Prussia’s dominance over northern Germany and after 1871 Hamburg became the great port of the German empire with extensive trans-Atlantic traffic.

In the 1880s Hamburg joined the German customs union but a new, separate free port was established south of the Zollkanal. Free-trade goods had to be stored in what is now the Speicherstadt, isolated by canals, where many of the red-brick buildings were built from the late 19th century. After a deadly 1890s cholera epidemic the area of the outbreak just to the north was levelled.

But much remains from this period. Prominent and impressive even today are the Speicherstadt warehouses, ambitious multi-storey buildings with references to Gothic and Renaissance architecture founded on many thousands of timber piles. Building continued early into the 20th century.

The new district showed long-established ways of mercantile life had come to an end. The wealthy merchant families built new residences out of town and a contemporary generation of office buildings (Kontorhäuser) replaced the demolition zone. The feature among these buildings is the Chilehaus, an Expressionist design with the aspect of a huge trading ship. The Speicherstadt buildings are still in use and today are like a living commercial museum. That character is confirmed by the area’s registration as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

There are also museums within the museum. Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg covers the history of man under sail, navigation, life on board and trade and passenger shipping, with models. The seafaring world is seen from all perspectives: the history of man under sail, navigation, maritime technologies and research, life on board, submarines and the businesses of trade and passenger shipping. Collections of artworks and an array of models round out the exhibits.

The Speicherstadtmuseum recreates the storage of the precious trading commodities and shows how they were handled and where they came from, shared with the remarkable history of the Speicherstadt’s construction. The other side of trade is shown in the Deutsches Zollmuseum, the sometimes intriguing story of Customs work and the fight against smuggling. The exhibits offer insights into ingenious and not-so-clever methods employed by those who were caught. By a recent estimate, smuggling still costs about €800 billion a year.

Other Hamburg museums also reflect its trade and seafaring heritage. Apart from the artefacts of bourgeois home interiors and fashions, the main Hamburg Museum shows models of the city at several stages down the centuries and is the home of general exhibits on its history. It also shows the generations of ships so vital to its prosperity in striking models and there is a department of Jewish history.

On the south side of the Elbe is Hafenmuseum Hamburg (closed November to late March), preserving a warehouse area, with worker facilities used in stevedoring and a historical freighter. For descendants of emigrants to America, the BallinStadt Auswandererwelt Hamburg will strike a chord, telling through photographs, artefacts and a database the human story of emigration from northern Germany from the 1850s to the 1930s.

Two craft of historical interest are moored in the harbour. The late 19th century three-masted barque Rickmer Rickmers is now moored as a museum ship next to the ferry berths of Landungsbrücken, representing the history of Hamburg’s trans-Atlantic trade from the sailor’s perspective. But it also saw World War I service. Not far away, the 90m Soviet submarine U-434, built in the 1970s, can be inspected from stem to stern, adding a dash of Cold War adventure.

The intricacy of Hamburg’s port and transport arrangements inspire imitation. Almost a museum, Miniatur Wunderland is more than a model rail layout, designed for children of all ages with themes including Germany, Scandinavia and America. Both day and night are simulated, along with everything imaginable that moves, including an airport.

There might well be more to see of Hamburg’s past, but for the firestorm that followed the night air raids of July 1943. More than 40,000 people died, a similar number were injured and Hamburg’s central buildings were wiped out. So what could be salvaged of Hamburg’s Evangelical parish churches, the red-brick Hauptkirchen, are sources of pride. The oldest, St Petri, has late 12th century origins but was rebuilt in Gothic in the 14th century and its tower was extended in the 16th. Interior survivals include a mid-15th century Gothic mural and a roughly contemporary Bernt Notke statue, both of St Ansgar. The interior of St Jacobi is highlighted by the Gothic Lukas-altar, from about 1500, two other altars of similar date and an organ dating from 1693.

St Nikolai survived the bombing as a tower only. At almost 150m, it was the tallest church tower in the world when rebuilt in 1874, but the rest of the church is partly reconstructed and partly left a ruin as a memorial to war and the victims of oppression. In what was left of the underground vaults, it is also a museum telling the harrowing story of the city’s destruction. St Katharinen, with 13th century origins, also suffered grievously in raids, though some rebuilding was possible. The Baroque St Michaelis, designed for Lutheran worship and music – with no less than five organs – was also rebuilt after the war.

The other prominent survivor is the Neorenaissance Rathaus, built in 1897, with 640 rooms and a tower reaching 112m, all constructed on a foundation of about 4000 oak piles after decades of design work and delays. Its predecessor nearby had fallen victim to the city fire of 1842, blown up in a futile attempt to stop the spread of the flames. So the Phoenix sculpture on the tower balcony below the clock is symbolic. The window niche statues represent German kings and Holy Roman emperors, but the four civic virtues are placed above these as an assertion of Hamburg’s independence. The present building is more than a town hall, being the assembly seat of the Hamburg city-state.

Hamburg does not have extensive pedestrian zones like some German cities, but it has the sightseeing advantage of being criss-crossed by canals linked to the picturesque Alster lakes around the city centre. Bridges – said to be more numerous than in Venice or in Amsterdam – become essential for strolling. From Mahnmal St Nikolai on Willy-Brandt-Straße, Neue Burg leads to Tröstbrücke, the ancient crossing over Nikolaifleet, carrying sculptures of the Hamburg founders St Ansgar and Adolf von Schauenburg. Near the Rathaus square, the Schleusenbrücke crosses the canal Alsterfleet to the arches of the Alsterarkaden. At the north end of this is the Jungfernstieg promenade, leading along the southern shore of the Binnenalster, the smaller of the dammed lakes, with its cruise wharf. Neuer Jungfernstieg leads along the west shore of Binnenalster and at its north end Lombardsbrücke and Ballindamm close the loop back to Jungfernstieg, providing waterside views of low city skyline.

A full city and harbour view is easily available from the tower platform atop St Nikolai, where a glassed panorama lift carries viewers to a platform almost 80m up. Another old town perspective is available from the platform 82m up the tower of Hauptkirche St Michaelis. The even taller tower of Hauptkirche St Petri demands a climb of more than 540 steps to the topmost lookout.

Ports and music go together, but the musical traditions of Hamburg had much to do with its churches. The Baroque genius of Georg Philipp Telemann attended all public occasions for nearly 50 years, during which the composer was musical director for the city’s Hauptkirchen and cantor of the Johanneum school (and for a time director of the opera). Telemann was succeeded in the first two posts by his godson C.P.E. Bach, the son of Telemann’s friend J.S. Bach. The third musical giant associated with Hamburg is the enigmatic Johannes Brahms, who was born in the city and began his career there but increasingly pursued his fortunes in Vienna. C.P.E. Bach was buried in St Michaelis and Brahms was christened there.

The modern musical scene has as its centrepiece the glazed contemporary concert hall Elbphilharmonie, rising 100m above Am Kaiserkai at the west end of the Hafen City waterfront development. It is a recent addition to the harbour skyline and regarded as a feat of acoustic design and engineering. On a more intimate scale is the early 20th century Neobaroque Laeiszhalle. Hamburg has a state opera, three symphony orchestras and a chamber orchestra.

Art museums and galleries are at three main sites. Hamburger Kunsthalle exhibits Dutch and Flemish masters, French painting, works by some of the greatest German artists plus a collection of historical paintings associated with the city. Contemporary art is in a separate gallery. The Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe has a wide array of standing arts and design collections including antiquities, sculpture, decorative arts, ceramics, musical instruments, period interiors, photography and poster art. The vast Deichtorhallen is devoted to contemporary art and photography.

On a different cultural level, Hamburg’s Sunday morning Fischmarkt fills the St Pauli waterfront with football-size crowds from daybreak on Sundays. As well as a wide range of foods and goods and the character of the sometimes outrageous traders, there is a clientele of night owls seeking breakfast, strong coffee or just more beer and music.

English influences became even stronger after the war, so that Hamburg, especially St Pauli, provided an early audience for a 1960s phenomenon, The Beatles, who performed in the Reeperbahn entertainment district, with its with night spots and fleshpots.

With the advent of container shipping a massive modern port was developed alongside the shipyards on the Elbe. After the abolition of duties under the EU, and to simplify processes, the free port’s status was abolished at the start of 2013, readying the city for the challenges of the future.

An updated free Raven Guide to Hamburg will appear in the first half of 2020.

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Great Cities of Germany

Füssen

Füssen travel guide PDF in 3 pages

The tiny town at the foot of the Alps has its own medieval castle and Baroque monastery as well as being the jumping-off point for visits to the famous Romantic castles nearby.

● How to visit Schloß Neuschwanstein and Schloß Hohenschwangau

● The Wieskirche, a UNESCO-listed Rococo pilgrimage church, is a short ride away

● The town’s own castle, churches and museums

Hyperlink access to essential tourist and accommodation information

Aachen

Aachen travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The Romans developed the hot springs at Aachen, then 1200 years ago the Frankish king Charlemagne set up his court there and the town became the centre of his empire. The 2018 Raven Guide to Aachen is available for free download now.

● A guide to Charlemagne's church, which grew to become the present Aachen cathedral, one of the first world heritage sites

● The Roman and medieval survivals of the city and details of the city tour

● Essential services with hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Eisenach

Eisenach travel guide PDF in 4 pages

The new Raven guide to the Thuringian town, birthplace of Bach and hiding place of Martin Luther early in his revolt against the established church. It is also the site of one of Germany’s great medieval castles, with links to another great German composer, Wagner, and a centre of automobile making.

● Guide to the Wartburg castle

● Guides to the Bach museum of his life and work and museum of car manufacture

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Lutherstadt Wittenberg

Wittenberg travel guide PDF in 4 pages

More than 500 years after Martin Luther's Reformation, this free guide covers the place where it all began. The town was the cradle of the religious movement that threw off the structures of the Catholic church and shaped new ideas and ways of worship, but also more than a century of bitter conflict that shaped Germany forever.

● Key sites, now world heritage monuments, include Luther's house and the castle

● The church where Luther's revolt began and churches Luther and his associates preached

● Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation

Bamberg

Bamberg travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The layout of the UNESCO heritage-listed city centre and a range of Baroque and medieval architecture makes Bamberg one of Germany’s most beautiful cities.

● The Romanesque cathedral, the opulent bishops’ Residenz palace, and its Renaissance predecessor dominate the old town

● The old town hall in the middle of the river Regnitz and the mysterious statue Bamberger Reiter attract millions of travellers

● Summaries of 35 historic sites and museums

● Information on tours, parks, food and the arts

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Trier

Trier travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The Roman Trier was at one time second only to Rome itself. It was home to one of the most powerful Roman emperors, Constantine the Great, and later to Karl Marx. Signs of its past greatness remain for travellers to marvel at. Germany’s oldest city – and one of its oldest cathedrals – remain and are world-heritage listed.

● Read about the ancient Roman city gate Porta Nigra, the Roman bath complexes, a well-preserved amphitheatre and Constantine’s former imperial palace, plus the buildings of the medieval city

● The guide includes more than 30 sites, churches and museums, with essential services, *transport links, transit and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Rothenburg travel guide PDF in 4 pages

Completely walled with more than 40 towers, the cobbled pedestrian streets of the Romantic Road town perched above the Tauber valley are little changed since the 17th century, with medieval and Renaissance half-timbered houses and stone churches.

● The guide includes 17 sites and museums and an excursion to the Franconian open-air museum at nearby Bad Windsheim

● Essential services, transport links, food tips and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and websites for many of the town’s small accommodation houses

Potsdam

Potsdam travel guide updated for 2019

Potsdam is a curious but beautiful mixture of Prussian palaces and military buildings established by its martial rulers. The Stadtschloß palace was the first royal residence and others gradually multiplied in the city's extensive parklands over 250 years. The city’s minorities grew with waves of immigration, leaving the Dutch quarter Holländisches Viertel, a Bohemian district and the Russian colony Siedlung Alexandrowka and its tiny Orthodox church. This guide offers:

● An introduction to the delicate Rococo palace Schloß Sanssouci and the palaces and pavilions of Park Sanssouci with brief histories

● The story of Potsdam’s ornate city gates, its Baroque streetscapes and 15 museums

● Details of essential services, transport links and fares, accommodation, food and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Regensburg

Regensburg travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The streets, archways and buildings of this medieval city, which grew from remains of a Roman legionary camp, remain. The range of ancient monuments and its streetscapes justify Regensburg’s world heritage listing.

● One of Germany’s classic Gothic cathedrals, several medieval churches, rare Gothic tower houses and one of Germany’s oldest stone bridges

Almost 30 sites and museums, including the nearby Walhalla gallery of great Germanic figures of history

● Information on essential services, transport links and urban transit and fares plus listings of travel essentials

● Hyperlink access to accommodation websites and further tourist information

Würzburg

Würzburg travel guide PDF of 7 pages

The prince-bishops who controlled Würzburg for centuries built wealth, power and influence expressed in Baroque by their huge palace, the UNESCO world-heritage Residenz. Their medieval castle still commands the city, reached by a stone bridge.

● Summaries of Würzburg’s grand residences, the medieval cathedral, churches and other sites

Museums and galleries including one of Europe’s prominent Jewish museums

Tours, essential services, transport links, transit services and fares and food tips

● Hyperlink access to accommodation and further tourist information websites

Passau

Passau travel guide PDF in 4 pages

The border city of three rivers includes the Baroque cathedral of St Stephan, with one of the world’s largest organs, the fortress Veste Oberhaus and the well preserved old town.

● Descriptions of 13 sites and museums, including the exhibits of Passau’s Roman past and history of glass manufacture

● Details of essential services, transport links and urban buses including fares, accommodation, food, tours and spectacular views

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Dinkelsbühl

Dinkelsbühl travel guide PDF in 2 pages

This short guide covers a tiny medieval walled town, left unchanged by a royal decree and now a favourite of artists and a small number of travellers.

● Dinkelsbühl’s town walls and many Gothic and Renaissance buildings keep its atmosphere alive

● Small hotels, pensions and restaurants complement the historical scene

● Essential services, tourist and transport information are included with hyperlinks to accommodation

Augsburg

Augsburg travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The wealth and influence of Augsburg’s powerful families brought the Renaissance to Germany at a time when the city was also the site of key events of the Reformation.

● The home of Germany’s onion-domed towers, museums with magnificent works of art, and one of the beautiful Renaissance streets of Germany, the Maximilianstraße

Guides to more than 30 sites, including monuments to Roman settlement

Transport links and fares, food and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Heidelberg

Heidelberg travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The most common description for Heidelberg is Romantic. This comes from its valley location, half-ruined castle and the towered stone bridge crossing the river Neckar.

● Explore Heidelberg’s cobbled streets in search of the essence of the city – Germany’s oldest university, the churches, monuments to its religious struggles, and its restaurants and cafes

● Discover the castle, its history, and thefunicular railway that makes the climb – and vantage points above the city – much easier

● Several budget hotel and private hostels that help make Heidelberg accommodation affordable, plus hyperlink access to other accommodation and tourist information sites

● Guides to 27 sites and museums

Goslar

Goslar travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The medieval town has hundreds of colourful half-timbered houses, Romanesque churches and the Kaiserpfalz, one of Germany’s oldest palaces. Its ancient Rammelsberg mines were the source of its wealth and are partly responsible for the town’s world heritage status.

19 sites and museums including the finest town houses

● A town walk and Rammelsberg tour

● Information on transport links plus listings of travel essentials and hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

● An excursion to the nearby half-timbered Harz town Wernigerode

Lübeck

Lübeck travel guide PDF in 7 pages

Trade made Lübeck the centre of the Baltic and the red-brick Gothic old town its merchant wealth built is now UNESCO world heritage-listed. Its churches, town houses and civic institutions are preserved and restored.

● The commercial and civic culture of the city through guides to 30 sites, museums and galleries

Tours, the best views and food options with other travel essentials

● Information on transport links and transit services including fares

● Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation

Berlin

Berlin travel guide PDF updated for 2019

Get 34 pages of things to do in Berlin free. Berlin is used to crisis, novelty and immigrants – so to visit Berlin is to visit many Berlins. The city that the Enlightenment and industrial progress created survived years of destruction and division.

● Descriptions of places to visit in Berlin including more than 60 historic sites, with guides to walking sections of the Berlin Wall, its museums and its memorials

● A complete guide to what to do in Berlin, including tours, cruises, parks and the best views

● Separate sections for the districts Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Neukölln, Schöneberg-Tempelhof, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and Spandau, with local food and accommodation lists and quick guides to essential services

● Summary of major transport links with Berlin

● How to use urban transit services including Berlin U-Bahn and S-Bahn, with their differences and the fares

● Summaries of more than 50 Berlin museums of history, art and culture, and information on all major performance groups including orchestras, opera and theatre

● Short history of the city and its precincts

● Hyperlinks to websites for Berlin hotels and hostels and further tourist information

Bremen

Bremen travel guide PDF in 6 pages

One of Germany’s oldest cities includes UNESCO world heritage monuments, ornate Renaissance architecture with a regional stamp, the story of world travellers including emigrants to the US and arts precincts with works by some of the most innovative German artists.

● The ancient St Petri cathedral and 11 other sites including the giant Roland figure

17 Bremen museums including art and the remarkable Übersee-Museum, with exhibits of the wonders of the continents touched by Bremen’s worldwide trade interests

Transport links and the city’s complicated transit system explained

● Hyperlink access to websites for accommodation houses and further tourist information

Dresden

Dresden travel guide PDF in 11 pages

Twice over the centuries, Dresden has been an amazing place. The first period was the Baroque magnificence of the 17th and 18th centuries. The second is now, with much of the city’s splendour restored.

Dresden's city palaces with their museums and galleries, highlighted by the two Green Vault museums, are among the most remarkable in Germany

● The exquisite, rebuilt Frauenkirche

● The Saxon ducal and royal summer palaces of Pillnitz and Moritzburg

● In all, 30 museums and galleries of art and culture

● Information on tours, essential services, parks and views, food and performing arts

● Details of excursions to the medieval city of Meissen, centre of European porcelain, and the fortress of Königstein

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Hamburg

Hamburg travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Germany’s mighty port city attracts travellers from all over the world and was the departure point for generations of migrants. ● 25 sites, ships, museums, monuments and churches that reflect Hamburg’s maritime and trading traditions

● The UNESCO world heritage Speicherstadt, centre of Hamburg’s former free port

● Essential services are listed with a choice of tours, including port tours

● Information on transport links and extensive urban transit services including fares

● Listings of essential traveller services

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

● The city’s arts and music scene, including opera

Nuremberg (Nürnberg)

Nuremberg travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Modern Nuremberg has preserved or restored many walled and historic areas. The city’s leading late medieval citizens were some of the best known German personalities. Then came the Nazis.

● Guides to 20 buildings, historic streets and monuments, among them the Kaiserburg, the castle of early imperial German assemblies

● 13 museums, including Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Germany’s leading cultural history museum

● The courts of the post-World War II war crimes trials, now also a museum

Transport links, urban transit, tours and essential services

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Cologne (Köln)

Cologne travel guide PDF in 15 pages

Cologne is Roman, medieval and modern all at once, a city known for piety, carnival and perfume. Travellers can walk the historic centre and the remains of the Roman wall. The guide has been updated for 2019-20 and expanded with new material.

Germany’s mightiest cathedral, which took more than 600 years to complete

● Cologne’s Roman and medieval walls and gates picked out for travellers

● 12 precious Romanesque churches with historical background

● In all, 25 sites and 17 museums of art, history and culture including the Römisch-Germanisches Museum and associated archaeological sites

Transport links and urban transit services including fares

Tours, parks, views, food and performing arts

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Stuttgart

Stuttgart travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The Baden-Württemberg capital is one of Germany’s beautiful lifestyle cities, surrounded by hills and some of the country’s most beautiful palaces and pleasure pavilions.

● 10 sites including Stuttgart’s castle complexes, Schloß Solitude and the magnificent palaces of Ludwigsburg nearby

● 10 museums and galleries of art

Tours, walks through the city’s extensive parks and views

● Guide to essential services and hyperlinks to tourist information and accommodation house websites and a guide to performance art

Munich (München)

Munich travel guide PDF in 13 pages

Munich was founded by monks and built up by dukes and kings, but became a centre of revolution as well as a home for arts, industry and travellers enjoying the good life.

● Germany’s largest museum, Deutsches Museum, and some of its richest art museums

● The city’s extensive palaces and palace gardens are featured

● Almost 30 museums of history, art and culture

● 30 historic sites in and around the city

● Information on major performance groups including orchestras and opera

Accommodation, food and a guide to essential services including transport links and urban transit services and fares

● A choice of city tours and some of its finest views

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites