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People in Germany who test positive for COVID-19 face a quarantine of two weeks. The quarantine measures are being increasingly strictly enforced. Fines can rise to €25,000 and detention measures are being considered.

The incidence rate of COVID-19 in Germany is easing but in mid-February was between 50 and 60 cases per 100,000 people.

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Germany A-Z travel guide 2021: Passau (where three rivers, history and legend meet)

Passau, on the south-eastern edge of Germany near the Austrian border, is set in a spectacular river location with a castle perched above one of Germany’s most beautiful historical city centres. Travellers should know it well, but it is no household name.

Passau, where the Danube, Inn and Ilz meet, has benefited over almost 2000 years from Roman, German, Austrian, Italian, Bohemian and even Hungarian connections, many carried there on the waters of the rivers and most still obvious now. Also following the rivers was an ancient salt trade, which established Passau’s links with Bohemia and Austria and provided much of its wealth.

Passau has also become an attraction for lovers of organ music. One of the world’s largest church organs is in the Baroque cathedral and gold-coin lunch recitals take place six days a week in summer and over the Christmas period (one-hour Thursday evening performances run from May to October).

The remodelled city centre has not overshadowed the charm of the old town, which near the confluence at Dreiflüsse-Eck narrows into a network of archways, stairways and cobbled lanes with a distinctly Italian feel and well worth exploration. Baroque is the dominant style there and along the walled promenade on the Inn’s north bank. The narrow Höllgasse starts at the Untere Donaulände boat landings and runs parallel with the Danube through to Rathausplatz with its galleries, boutiques and gift shops. It is crossed by the steep Pfaffengasse, itself spanned by a connecting archway with a giant St Christopher painting. Innbrückgasse enters vaulted archways underneath the bishops’ palace complex.

Signs of Catholic piety are everywhere. The St-Michaels-Kirche (or Studienkirche) and the adjacent former Jesuit college are above the Inn river bank on Schwabgäßchen. The abbey church of Kloster Niedernburg on Jesuitengasse has the grave of the blessed abbess Gisela, once queen of the saint Stephen I of Hungary.

The path along the Innkai to Dreiflüsse-Eck, below the palace complex, makes an ideal summer evening stroll. And there are beautiful views – one from a castle and one from a pilgrimage church perched less than a kilometre from the Austrian border.

Rome leaves its mark

The Romans, who always understood the value of location, built five forts in succession at a post of their northern imperial frontier, on the border of the Raetia and Noricum provinces, at what they called Castra Batavia (now the old town or Altstadt) and a settlement called Boiodurum (now the Innstadt) – the Celts already inhabited this site. Two Roman quadrangular forts (one early in the 1st century and one 4th century) were laid on the spit now occupied by the old town, exploiting the Danube river trade, another (late 1st century) further west. The settlement on the spit was later called Batavis or Passavium, early forms of the city name, which referred to the barbarian Batavian troops stationed here. The Roman boat harbour, near the modern Römerplatz, was on the Danube side of the old town.

Another rectangular fort was built in today’s Innstadt opposite the spit at Dreiflüsse-Eck. But Römermuseum Kastell Boiotro in the Innstadt precinct has been developed around the ruined foundations of a later, oddly pentagonal, fortified camp on the south bank of the Inn. Finds there start from the 3rd century. The museum is open at weekends to explain Roman frontier life, using scale models and exhibits of local archaeology.

Burials were also near the site and a grave monument naming Faustian, an Illyrian Customs officer, today forms part of a baptismal font close to the southern entrance of the St Severin cemetery church. It shows the importance of trade was growing.

Church, salt and riches

After the Romans came the church. St Severin established a small prayer cell for monks in Passau’s Innstadt in the mid-5th century. Today the Romanesque-Gothic cemetery church bearing his name stands on the south bank of the Inn near the footbridge known as Fünferlsteg. Late-medieval gravestones are among those set into the church walls. The stone gate to Lederergasse is known as Severintor.

In the 8th century St Boniface organised what became one of Europe’s biggest bishoprics, stretching along the Danube, through Austria and into Hungary. This again put Passau on a frontier – this time a Christian one – and gave it a large role in bringing God’s word to eastern Europe.

About the same time of Boniface’s foundation, the Passau convent Kloster Niedernburg was established. In the 1040s the blessed Gisela, widow of the Hungarian king St Stephen and sister of the Holy Roman emperor Heinrich II, entered the convent, an estate that long answered directly to the emperors, and became its abbess. Heinrich, as events turned out, played a large part in making Passau bishops imperial princes by granting them forest lands to the north, although their temporal reach never matched their spiritual territory.

Gisela died in the 1060s and her relics lie in the largely 12th century Romanesque convent church Klosterkirche zum Heiligen Kreuz in Jesuitengasse. An arm bone was reunited with bones of her husband in Hungary in 1996. It is common to see Hungarian red-white-green ribbons on tributes left by pilgrims on the grave in the south-east corner of this unassuming church. The Benedictine foundation was under the auspcies of the Passau bishops when they formally became prince-bishops early in the 13th century. In the 17th century, the convent was later taken over by the sisterhood later known as the Institute of the Blessed Virgin Mary (now Congregatio Jesu) founded by the unconventional English nun and educator Mary Ward.

Because of its religious scholars and its historical reach, Passau became a centre for theological studies and the Jesuits established a college and church that burned in a destructive city fire in 1662. The Baroque Studienkirche St Michael and a seminary were erected in their place and Catholic theology is now studied in a faculty of Passau’s university.

For centuries, Passau’s position between the power centres of Bavaria, Bohemia and Austria would play to its advantage, while Italian influences were also present. From the 8th century its bishops began to benefit from the salt trade from Reichenall and Salzburg (and later Hallein) to the south – which was vital to Bohemia to the north – and the rivers were the important routes. The confluence at Passau became an important port for unloading, marketing and transshipment of salt, which arrived more efficiently by boat. It could then go on to Austria (on the Danube) and Bohemia (usually via the mule pathways known as “golden trails” or by horse and cart). Salt was also used to produce ceramics and harden steel – industries that would become important to Passau – and local salt merchants prospered. The 13th century tower Schaiblingsturm, which marks the medieval salt harbour, is on the Innkai.

This wealth helped establish the power base of Passau’s medieval prince-bishops and the trappings of church magnificence – a castle, a cathedral and successive palaces – appeared. The bishops even built their own opera house. Passau became known for its manufacture of swords, porcelain, musical instruments and bells.

The 1662 fire demanded Baroque rebuilding, notably of the Gothic cathedral St Stephan and the adjacent bishop’s residence. For the most part it was Italian artists and craftsmen who provided the brilliance. The cathedral today is one of the most dazzling ensembles of exterior design, ceiling frescoes and stucco in Germany, built to the innovative plans of Prague resident Carlo Lurago and the Italian architect Paolo d’Aglio.

The opulent stucco work is by Giovanni Battista Carlone and frescoes by Carpoforo Tencalla feature the stoning of St Stephen. The organ, the world’s largest cathedral organ until the mid-1990s, has almost 18,000 pipes. The adjacent treasury can be reached through the cathedral.

The Rococo stairs to the bishops’ late Baroque and Neoclassical Neue Residenz from the west door at Residenzplatz are among Germany’s most impressive, including stucco decoration, a ceiling fresco on the theme of the gods of Olympus protecting Passau, and cherubs. In the square outside, the fountain Wittelsbacher Brunn is also Baroque, but from the early 20th century. The Alte Residenz goes back to the 12th century and had several rebuilding phases. The connecting Saalbau houses the cathedral treasury (with Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque art) and Diözesanmuseum, which includes the episcopal residence and library, episcopal and pilgrimage history (enter from cathedral’s south aisle).

Passau has a second pilgrimage site. Away from the old town, on the hill above the main Inn bridge, is the abbey church of Mariahilf at the top of more than 300 pilgrim steps, the Mariahilfstiege. The church became a centre for devotion after the Holy Roman emperor Leopold I prayed there successfully for victory over the Ottomans in 1683. The main monastery buildings are contemporary with the emperor’s visit. At the church altar, a copy of Lucas Cranach the elder’s Mary with Christ child painting (c1540) stands in place of the original that was once in the church. The passage and its 19th century cross stations are used by pilgrims and a less intrusive alternative route to the abbey is the second set of steps from Innstadtkellerweg (the first set is closed).

Habsburg imperial rule in Bohemia from the early 16th century undercut the Passau salt trade there with heavy tolls and salt import via Passau was banned almost two centuries later. Napoleon, who set up a headquarters at the Neue Residenz in 1809, with his secularisation of German episcopal states brought an end to the many centuries of the prince-bishops’ worldly power. Passau became part of Bavaria.

Passau and a medieval epic

Stories follow rivers, trade and the church, so a legend was bound to grow. Passau plays a role in the greatest work of medieval German literature, the verse epic Das Nibelungenlied, which draws together mythology, legend and fragments of history and was composed anonymously about 1200. There are Norse and Frankish elements, a Gothic hero, a figure associated with Attila the Hun and parallels with romance. This version of the ancient Nibelung tale is usually associated with the Passau bishop Wolfger and may have been composed in Passau, where a party of Burgundian royalty stop on their travel through Vienna to Hungary as part of the action.

It is speculated that the Nibelungenlied poet – or at least the author of later interpolations in the poem’s surviving manuscripts – had a special relationship with Kloster Niedernburg (Wolfger was granted control the monastery) and Niedernburg is assumed to be the Passau monastery or convent mentioned in one verse. A predecessor of Wolfger by almost 200 years, the bishop Pilgrim – who was supposedly a kinsman of the Burgundian royal house and also controlled the monastery – appears as a minor character. Pilgrim battled for Passau’s independence from the Salzburg diocese and pushed for Passau’s inclusion of Hungary for missionary purposes and Wolfger hoped to have him canonized.

Wolfger, an experienced traveller, crusader, patron of minstrels and scholars, knew the poet Walther von der Vogelweide (he bought a pricey fur coat from him) and had wide dealings, including negotiating the release of Richard the Lionheart from an Austrian castle. He was for a time excommunicated for his role in papal and imperial politics but later became an Italian duke and patriarch of Aquileia on the Adriatic. Such were the lives of Passau bishops of the period.

But as well as much academic and critical debate, the mention of Passau in the Nibelungenlied has inspired the late Romantic painting from the legend in the Passau Rathaus, as well as local names. Several centuries later the tale was given the Wagner treatment in his great Der Ring des Nibelungen cycle of operatic dramas, with a rather different plot line. Ultimately, the case for Passau authorship of the Nibelungenlied rests on one poet’s close knowledge of Passau and its surroundings – something today’s travellers will also find rewarding.

The medieval Passau

Also acquiring legendary status were swords forged locally and stamped with a rough version of the Passau emblem of the wolf in a running gait. The Wolfsklingen swords were made from Styrian steel in Passau from at least the 13th century and the inlaid brass stamps came to be considered like a charm, so that manufacturers of other cities copied them. The trade included knives and ceremonial weapons. The skill of the Passau craftsmen was widely acknowledged and they were sought by the English royal court. Passau’s importance, at least in volume of swords, faded in the 17th century.

In addition to the Schaiblingsturm, parts of Passau’s medieval walls are visible around the Inn side of the old town and at Dreiflüsse-Eck. But walls long protected the cathedral and old town from the west and a further defences shielded an area as far west as today’s Am Schanzl and Ludwigsplatz. In the Innstadt, which had its own defences, a line of medieval walls and small towers stretches east from the Severintor at Lindental into Jahnstraße around the Boiotro museum precinct. On Lindental a substantial medieval tower is now incorporated into a residence.

The Venetian Gothic Altes Rathaus, which goes back to at least the late 13th century, has been much altered since the 1622 fire, notably by the addition of a Neogothic tower. On the Rathausplatz facade are historicist 20th century paintings of the Bavarian Holy Roman emperor Ludwig IV (centre) with standard-bearers of the electorates of Bavaria, Cologne, Trier and Saxony. Both its assembly halls were stuccoed by Carlone later in the 17th century and in the 19th century the Passau artist Ferdinand Wagner painted the main hall (Großer Rathaussaal) ceilings with a scene from the 1676 Passau wedding of the emperor Leopold I and the Nibelung episode of the protagonist Kriemhild entering Passau (at a time the other Wagner’s operas were in high vogue). The facade also shows the Danube’s historical flood markers indicating the many deluges the city has survived. In June 2013 the flood reached well over 12 metres, the second highest recorded. The tower glockenspiel sounds three or four times daily.

Veste Oberhaus, the 13th century Gothic castle on the Georgsberg high above the Danube and overlooking the old town, is the former fortress of the Passau prince-bishops and later a military prison. As was often the case with ruling bishops, they from time to time had to take refuge there against rebellious townspeople. Apart from the spectacular view, which shows the blue Danube, green Inn and black Ilz meeting, there is the excellent OberhausMuseum Passau, pulling together the themes of the city’s complex history including the importance of the salt trade, medieval life and craft guilds, a historical pharmacy, firefighting museum and porcelain with the help of multimedia exhibits. The St George chapel with its vault paintings – older than the castle – is a highlight.

The shuttle bus from Rathausplatz makes for an easier climb than the steep path Ludwigsteig, which involves a good deal of effort. The city’s youth hostel is also part of the castle. The Veste Niederhaus fort at the river junction below, though connected by battlements, is closed to the public and the best view of it is from a river ferry – a 45-minute cruise around the old town is ideal for this – or Dreiflüsse Eck.

Enjoy the view – it’s one of Germany’s best.

Passau is one of the Jewels of the Past on this website.

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Great Cities of Germany


Füssen travel guide PDF for 2020 in 4 pages

Schloß Neuschwanstein, a small town at the foot of the Alps, a world heritage church that has to be seen to be believed, a medieval castle and a Baroque monastery - it's all in Füssen. The medieval town with Roman roots became Europe's centre for luthiers and the jumping-off point for visits to famous Romantic castles nearby.

● How to get to Schloß Neuschwanstein and Schloß Hohenschwangau

● The Wieskirche, a UNESCO-listed Rococo pilgrimage church, is a short ride away

● The town’s castle, churches and museums

Hyperlink access to essential tourist and accommodation information


Koblenz travel guide, new for 2020

Koblenz is a fascinating city with Roman roots and a history shared by France as well as German speakers, shaping a unique Rhenish identity. At the heart of the Rhine UNESCO world heritage area, Koblenz is a short river cruise or train ride from two famous Rhine river castles.

● The city is dominated by the Ehrenbreitstein fortress, reached by the Koblenz cable car across the Rhine near the Moselle junction at Deutsches Eck

● The medieval Marksburg castle and the Romantic Stolzenfels are in easy reach

● The ancient Basilika St Kastor, site of negotiations that partitioned the empire of Charlemagne

● Suggested Koblenz hotels, both central and offering Rhine views

● All the best museums, including the Ehrenbreitstein museums and the experiential Romanticum


Bonn travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Bonn, Germany's Cold War capital of democracy, has one of the longest stories of any German city. Romans and prince-archbishops left their mark in monuments and palaces, but an intriguing variety of churches also shapes one of Germany's greenest and most graceful cities. In the year of Beethoven's 250th birthday, this eight-page travel guide covers plenty of things to do in Bonn.

● The Beethoven-Haus Museum, the Bundeskunsthalle and the Haus der Geschichte, chronicling German's late 20th century return to democracy and - eventually - unity.

● Details of essential services, transport links and fares, accommodation, tours and discount entry deals at museums

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Aachen travel guide PDF in 5 pages

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● A guide to Charlemagne's church, which grew to become the present Aachen cathedral, one of the first world heritage sites

● The Roman and medieval survivals of the city and details of the city tour

● Essential services with hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Eisenach travel guide PDF in 4 pages

The new Raven guide to the Thuringian town, birthplace of Bach and hiding place of Martin Luther early in his revolt against the established church. It is also the site of one of Germany’s great medieval castles, with links to another great German composer, Wagner, and a centre of automobile making.

● Guide to the Wartburg castle

● Guides to the Bach museum of his life and work and museum of car manufacture

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Lutherstadt Wittenberg

Wittenberg travel guide PDF in 4 pages

More than 500 years after Martin Luther's Reformation, this free guide covers the place where it all began. The town was the cradle of the religious movement that threw off the structures of the Catholic church and shaped new ideas and ways of worship, but also more than a century of bitter conflict that shaped Germany forever.

● Key sites, now world heritage monuments, include Luther's house and the castle

● The church where Luther's revolt began and churches Luther and his associates preached

● Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation


Bamberg travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The layout of the UNESCO heritage-listed city centre and a range of Baroque and medieval architecture makes Bamberg one of Germany’s most beautiful cities.

● The Romanesque cathedral, the opulent bishops’ Residenz palace, and its Renaissance predecessor dominate the old town

● The old town hall in the middle of the river Regnitz and the mysterious statue Bamberger Reiter attract millions of travellers

● Summaries of 35 historic sites and museums

● Information on tours, parks, food and the arts

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Trier travel guide PDF in 7 pages

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● Read about the ancient Roman city gate Porta Nigra, the Roman bath complexes, a well-preserved amphitheatre and Constantine’s former imperial palace, plus the buildings of the medieval city

● The guide includes more than 30 sites, churches and museums, with essential services, *transport links, transit and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Rothenburg travel guide PDF in 4 pages

Completely walled with more than 40 towers, the cobbled pedestrian streets of the Romantic Road town perched above the Tauber valley are little changed since the 17th century, with medieval and Renaissance half-timbered houses and stone churches.

● The guide includes 17 sites and museums and an excursion to the Franconian open-air museum at nearby Bad Windsheim

● Essential services, transport links, food tips and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and websites for many of the town’s small accommodation houses


Potsdam travel guide in 11 pages

Potsdam is a curious but beautiful mixture of Prussian palaces and military buildings established by its martial rulers. The Stadtschloß palace was the first royal residence and others gradually multiplied in the city's extensive parklands over 250 years. The city’s minorities grew with waves of immigration, leaving the Dutch quarter Holländisches Viertel, a Bohemian district and the Russian colony Siedlung Alexandrowka and its tiny Orthodox church. This guide offers:

● An introduction to the delicate Rococo palace Schloß Sanssouci and the palaces and pavilions of Park Sanssouci with brief histories

● The story of Potsdam’s ornate city gates, its Baroque streetscapes and 15 museums

● Details of essential services, transport links and fares, accommodation, food and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Regensburg travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The streets, archways and buildings of this medieval city, which grew from remains of a Roman legionary camp, remain. The range of ancient monuments and its streetscapes justify Regensburg’s world heritage listing.

● One of Germany’s classic Gothic cathedrals, several medieval churches, rare Gothic tower houses and one of Germany’s oldest stone bridges

Almost 30 sites and museums, including the nearby Walhalla gallery of great Germanic figures of history

● Information on essential services, transport links and urban transit and fares plus listings of travel essentials

● Hyperlink access to accommodation websites and further tourist information


Würzburg travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The prince-bishops who controlled Würzburg for centuries built wealth, power and influence expressed in Baroque by their huge palace, the UNESCO world-heritage Residenz. Their medieval castle still commands the city, reached by a stone bridge.

● Summaries of Würzburg’s grand residences, the medieval cathedral, churches and other sites

Museums and galleries including one of Europe’s prominent Jewish museums

Tours, essential services, transport links, transit services and fares and food tips

● Hyperlink access to accommodation and further tourist information websites


Passau travel guide PDF in 4 pages

The border city of three rivers includes the Baroque cathedral of St Stephan, with one of the world’s largest organs, the fortress Veste Oberhaus and the well preserved old town.

● Descriptions of 13 sites and museums, including the exhibits of Passau’s Roman past and history of glass manufacture

● Details of essential services, transport links and urban buses including fares, accommodation, food, tours and spectacular views

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Dinkelsbühl travel guide PDF in 2 pages

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● Dinkelsbühl’s town walls and many Gothic and Renaissance buildings keep its atmosphere alive

● Small hotels, pensions and restaurants complement the historical scene

● Essential services, tourist and transport information are included with hyperlinks to accommodation


Augsburg travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The wealth and influence of Augsburg’s powerful families brought the Renaissance to Germany at a time when the city was also the site of key events of the Reformation.

● The home of Germany’s onion-domed towers, museums with magnificent works of art, and one of the beautiful Renaissance streets of Germany, the Maximilianstraße

Guides to more than 30 sites, including monuments to Roman settlement

Transport links and fares, food and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Heidelberg travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The most common description for Heidelberg is Romantic. This comes from its valley location, half-ruined castle and the towered stone bridge crossing the river Neckar.

● Explore Heidelberg’s cobbled streets in search of the essence of the city – Germany’s oldest university, the churches, monuments to its religious struggles, and its restaurants and cafes

● Discover the castle, its history, and the funicular railway that makes the climb – and vantage points above the city – much easier

● Several budget hotel and private hostels that help make Heidelberg accommodation affordable, plus hyperlink access to other accommodation and tourist information sites

● Guides to 27 sites and museums


Goslar travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The medieval town has hundreds of colourful half-timbered houses, Romanesque churches and the Kaiserpfalz, one of Germany’s oldest palaces. Its ancient Rammelsberg mines were the source of its wealth and are partly responsible for the town’s world heritage status.

19 sites and museums including the finest town houses

● A town walk and Rammelsberg tour

● Information on transport links plus listings of travel essentials and hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

● An excursion to the nearby half-timbered Harz town Wernigerode


Lübeck travel guide PDF in 7 pages

Trade made Lübeck the centre of the Baltic and the red-brick Gothic old town its merchant wealth built is now UNESCO world heritage-listed. Its churches, town houses and civic institutions are preserved and restored.

● The commercial and civic culture of the city through guides to 30 sites, museums and galleries

Tours, the best views and food options with other travel essentials

● Information on transport links and transit services including fares

● Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation


Berlin travel guide PDF

Get 34 pages of things to do in Berlin free. Berlin is used to crisis, novelty and immigrants – so to visit Berlin is to visit many Berlins. The city that the Enlightenment and industrial progress created survived years of destruction and division.

● Descriptions of places to visit in Berlin including more than 60 historic sites, with guides to walking sections of the Berlin Wall, its museums and its memorials

● A complete guide to what to do in Berlin, including tours, cruises, parks and the best views

● Separate sections for the districts Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Neukölln, Schöneberg-Tempelhof, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and Spandau, with local food and accommodation lists and quick guides to essential services

● Summary of major transport links with Berlin

● How to use urban transit services including Berlin U-Bahn and S-Bahn, with their differences and the fares

● Summaries of more than 50 Berlin museums of history, art and culture, and information on all major performance groups including orchestras, opera and theatre

● Short history of the city and its precincts

● Hyperlinks to websites for Berlin hotels and hostels and further tourist information


Bremen travel guide PDF in 8 pages

One of Germany’s oldest cities includes UNESCO world heritage monuments, ornate Renaissance architecture with a regional stamp, the story of world travellers including emigrants to the US and arts precincts with works by some of the most innovative German artists. This guide is updated for 2020.

● The ancient St Petri cathedral and 11 other sites including the giant Roland figure

17 Bremen museums including art and the remarkable Übersee-Museum, with exhibits of the wonders of the continents touched by Bremen’s worldwide trade interests

Transport links and the city’s complicated transit system explained

● Hyperlink access to websites for accommodation houses and further tourist information


Dresden travel guide PDF in 11 pages

Twice over the centuries, Dresden has been an amazing place. The first period was the Baroque magnificence of the 17th and 18th centuries. The second is now, with much of the city’s splendour restored.

Dresden's city palaces with their museums and galleries, highlighted by the two Green Vault museums, are among the most remarkable in Germany

● The exquisite, rebuilt Frauenkirche

● The Saxon ducal and royal summer palaces of Pillnitz and Moritzburg

● In all, 30 museums and galleries of art and culture

● Information on tours, essential services, parks and views, food and performing arts

● Details of excursions to the medieval city of Meissen, centre of European porcelain, and the fortress of Königstein

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Hamburg travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Germany’s mighty port city attracts travellers from all over the world and was the departure point for generations of migrants. ● 25 sites, ships, museums, monuments and churches that reflect Hamburg’s maritime and trading traditions

● The UNESCO world heritage Speicherstadt, centre of Hamburg’s former free port

● Essential services are listed with a choice of tours, including port tours

● Information on transport links and extensive urban transit services including fares

● Listings of essential traveller services

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

● The city’s arts and music scene, including opera

Nuremberg (Nürnberg)

Nuremberg travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Modern Nuremberg has preserved or restored many walled and historic areas. The city’s leading late medieval citizens were some of the best known German personalities. Then came the Nazis.

● Guides to 20 buildings, historic streets and monuments, among them the Kaiserburg, the castle of early imperial German assemblies

● 13 museums, including Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Germany’s leading cultural history museum

● The courts of the post-World War II war crimes trials, now also a museum

Transport links, urban transit, tours and essential services

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Cologne (Köln)

Cologne travel guide PDF in 15 pages

Cologne is Roman, medieval and modern all at once, a city known for piety, carnival and perfume. Travellers can walk the historic centre and the remains of the Roman wall. The guide has been updated for 2019-20 and expanded with new material.

Germany’s mightiest cathedral, which took more than 600 years to complete

● Cologne’s Roman and medieval walls and gates picked out for travellers

● 12 precious Romanesque churches with historical background

● In all, 25 sites and 17 museums of art, history and culture including the Römisch-Germanisches Museum and associated archaeological sites

Transport links and urban transit services including fares

Tours, parks, views, food and performing arts

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites


Stuttgart travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The Baden-Württemberg capital is one of Germany’s beautiful lifestyle cities, surrounded by hills and some of the country’s most beautiful palaces and pleasure pavilions.

● 10 sites including Stuttgart’s castle complexes, Schloß Solitude and the magnificent palaces of Ludwigsburg nearby

● 10 museums and galleries of art

Tours, walks through the city’s extensive parks and views

● Guide to essential services and hyperlinks to tourist information and accommodation house websites and a guide to performance art

Munich (München)

Munich travel guide PDF in 13 pages

Munich was founded by monks and built up by dukes and kings, but became a centre of revolution as well as a home for arts, industry and travellers enjoying the good life.

● Germany’s largest museum, Deutsches Museum, and some of its richest art museums

● The city’s extensive palaces and palace gardens are featured

● Almost 30 museums of history, art and culture

● 30 historic sites in and around the city

● Information on major performance groups including orchestras and opera

Accommodation, food and a guide to essential services including transport links and urban transit services and fares

● A choice of city tours and some of its finest views

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites