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Germany A-Z travel guide 2020: Munich (Everything you’d want to see in three days)

Munich offers a mixture of food, drink, art and architecture in many styles. Two easy days’ walking on the inner city streetcapes will cover most sights, including some building visits – without viewing the city’s magnificent art museums or the epic Deutsches Museum.

From the central railway station, the Altstadt is reached from Karlsplatz through the Karlstor gate on Neuhauser Straße. The Karlstor, remodelled in Neogothic, was the victim of an unfortunate 19th century explosion of a gunpowder magazine housed in what used to be a towered medieval gate.

The 100m towers of the Frauenkirche do not dwarf, but still dominate the Altstadt. The 15th century late Gothic church at Frauenplatz is – unusually for southern Germany – built of red brick, though the onion domes are characteristic Bavarian features. The church has long had the distinction of being a burial place for Munich’s Wittelsbach rulers but has been the city cathedral only since 1821. The ornate Wittelsbach cenotaph, centred on the commemorative slab for the 15th century Holy Roman emperor Ludwig IV, is near the main door. Behind the cathedra are stairs to the crypt, where there are episcopal graves. Much of the stained glass is original.

Two nearby churches on Neuhauser Straße are also striking in appearance but have very different stories. The early 18th century Bürgersaalkirche was designed around two levels for the needs of a Marianist brotherhood and only later become a conventional Catholic church. On its lower floor are 15 cross stations, but the upstairs interior is more richly decorated. The tomb of Father Rupert Mayer, who was beatified after his resistance against the Nazis, is in the lower church, visited by pilgrims and Munich Catholics seeking intercession, with a small Mayer museum.

The facade and interiors of St Michaels-Hofkirche (1589) reflect Jesuit, Counter-Reformation ideals. To strengthen and renew Catholic faith was the aim when the Wittelsbach duke Wilhelm V had the church built. But its tower quickly collapsed, which the duke took as a sign and had the church rebuilt even larger. Christ, the archangel Michael and the figures of Bavarian emperors and dukes are arrayed below. The rich interiors include 40 altars, and the vault contains the graves of further Wittelsbacher rulers including Wilhelm.

Neuhauser Straße leads to the city’s centre, Marienplatz, site of the new and old town halls. The arcaded Neogothic facade of the Neues Rathaus, completed soon after the late 19th century German unification, displays sculptures of historical rulers and other prominent figures. The 85m main tower provides one of the chief views over the city. The complex, after repeated extensions, is now 100m wide. Sculptures on the facade are of rulers and other historical figures. The 12-minute glockenspiel, two or three times daily, represents the wedding of the duke Wilhelm V and a traditional coopers’ dance giving thanks for the end of plague.

At the square’s east end is the Neogothic tower of the Altes Rathaus. Although rebuilt and redecorated after World War II bombing, it shows clearly its 15th century origin. Its historic inner chambers, with almost 100 coats of Munich arms, are not normally accessible but some of the interiors are visible in the building’s toy museum and the original 15th century sculptures of Morris dancers from inside are in the Stadtmuseum.

Between Marienplatz and Viktualienmarkt, the late 13th century Peterskirche has a tower that offers perhaps the best view of Munich’s centre. The oldest of Munich’s parish churches, it had to be largely rebuilt after the 1327 Munich fire, then 1945 bombing. The Baroque interiors and high altar were also restored at that time. The 90-metre tower and spire now show eight clocks in all directions and houses seven bells.

The Viktualienmarkt, today the main market site of Munich, balances the traditional values and character of a fresh produce market with indoor halls for delicacies and the site is busy six days a week. There is also a taste for outdoor eating and drinking – especially drinking. The convivial atmosphere is complemented by a fountain statue of the Munich cabaret performer and film actor Karl Valentin under the trees.

The Heiliggeistkirche at Viktualienmarkt began as a medieval hospice and chapel for pilgrims near what was then a town gate. The Munich fire of 1327 claimed that building but a new Gothic church was completed in 1392 and later made over in Baroque, with striking frescoes and stucco decoration by the brothers Cosmas Damian and Egid Quirin Asam, between 1724 and 1731. Inside is the 15th century Gothic Hammerthaler Madonna, source of reported miracles, which was brought to the church in the 17th century.

The site of a long vanished round tower, Viktualienmarkt was the extent of Munich’s 12th century town, which covered a small area along the line of Rosental and Färbergraben – including the Frauenkirche – Schrammerstraße and Sparkassenstraße. In the 14th century, this extended to include the new gate Isartor, which framed the old street Tal’s access to the river Isar and shows the appearance of Munich’s medieval gateways. With the addition of an outer wall, side towers were built onto the gate during the next century and one now houses a museum on the life of Valentin and his cabaret and film partner Liesl Karlstadt. On the outer side of the gate, the fresco of its builder, the parading emperor Ludwig IV, is 19th century. A gallery on the second level has displays of Munich history with tantalising glimpses of lost city quarters. The site of the former watchtower Lueg ins Land is marked by the Vindelikerhaus nearby at Marienstraße 21 and the footings of the former corner bastion Prinzessturm are behind in an inner courtyard at Thomas-Wimmer-Ring 1. Parts of the former city wall foundations are on the west side of the gate complex. Another of the old gates, the early 14th century Sendlinger Tor, is south-west of the old city centre over Sendlinger Straße, and more of the 14th century wall – which circled the old city to join the forerunner of today’s Karlstor – can be seen on Jungfernturmstraße.

Near Sendlinger Tor is the surprise among Munich’s churches, the 8m wide Asamkirche dedicated to St Johann Nepomuk, wedged between the Sendlinger Straße homes of its creators. This is a complete Baroque work of architecture, painting and decoration. The fresco painter and sculptor Cosmas Asam and his brother Egid blended their talents to craft a private church with an ornate interior that has the effect of a treasure cave with an opening to heaven. The church (closed some Friday mornings and on Sundays for services) was completed in 1734, after the death of Cosmas Asam.

North of Marienplatz on Burgstraße is another medieval remnant, the former ducal palace or Alter Hof, on the north side the early city wall. For more than 200 years it was seat of the Bavarian princes, who from time to time used it as refuge from their own townspeople during their uprisings. Under Ludwig IV it served as the imperial court. Restored late Gothic features include the gate tower and ‘monkey tower’ oriel above the courtyard.

The famous Hofbräuhaus beer hall at Am Platzl is one of the oldest breweries in Germany, founded late in the 16th century by the duke Wilhelm V. Wilhelm wanted the court’s beer to be brewed locally but for two centuries it was only the court who benefited from the brewing. The enthusiastic public use of the building goes back only to the 19th century. The vaulted halls are the centre of the fabled Munich hospitality but restaurants have been added.

The beautiful palace precinct

Wandering north of Max-Joseph-Platz presents an alternative experience to the medieval town centre. With their building and their imagination, the ruling house of Wittelsbach, masters of Munich for more than 700 years, impressed themselves on the area with monuments on a large scale.

The opulent Residenz palace is a conglomerate of eras and styles built up by many rulers from late in the 14th century. The resulting complex has 130 chambers and eight courtyards, including the extraordinary arcaded Grottenhof. For visitors, the Residenz is now a sprawling museum of many highlights. The vaulted Renaissance gallery the Antiquarium, with its classical sculpture, rich interior and size, was a museum in itself when completed in the 16th century but its magnificence was soon employed for banquets. The long dynastic line of the Wittelsbachs can be seen in portraiture in the Ahnengalerie.

World War II air raids wrought bitter destruction on the Residenz. The ornate Cuvilliés-Theater by François Cuvilliés, once an adjacent opera house, was moved to the Residenz and almost fully reconstructed after the bombing. Today it, the palace treasury and the coin cabinet, can be visited separately. The long Renaissance west facade to Residenzstraße is guarded by four Wittelsbach lions and the snouts on the escutcheons are smoothed by being touched by visitors and passers-by for luck.

The 19th century king Ludwig I, one of the chief palace builders, also had a keen sense of his ancient Wittelsbach inheritance and his pride in Bavarian and German achievement permeates the buildings and artworks he commissioned, while elevating Munich to a city of international rank.

Odeonsplatz, site of a former city gate, is surrounded by the Residenz, the Hofgarten (a garden in Renaissance style with later Neoclassical additions) and the martial-Romantic Feldherrnhalle monument commissioned by Ludwig and designed by Friedrich von Gärtner on the pattern of Florence’s Loggia dei Lanzi. This scene was bound to become a place of drama: the first Nazi coup attempt in 1923 ended here in gunfire. After Hitler finally won power, SS troops were assembled on the spot to swear personal allegiance to him and made a habit of night rallies on the square, held sacred for the 1923 lives lost.

Yet today it is the resistance to Hitler that is commemorated nearby. On the north side of the Renaissance Hofgarten is a black marble memorial to the Weiße Rose group of Munich students, led by Sophie and Hans Scholl, executed in 1943 for distributing anti-Nazi material.

On the north facade of the Residenz, Classicism takes over with the work of the royal architect Leo von Klenze. The Hofgarten was arcaded on two sides and a gate was added by Klenze. The arcades house 19th century murals with Classical references and quotes. The earlier Brunnenpavilion was designed by Heinrich Schön for a statue of the goddess Diana. The area was wrecked by bombing but restored with new fountains.

On the other side of the Odeonsplatz, the very Italian Baroque and Rococo Theatinerkirche St Kajetan, another royal commission, had a long history of redesigns. The church was commissioned in 1662 by the grateful electress Henriette Adelaide after she gave birth to an heir, Max Emanuel. She commissioned Agostino Barelli, who designed a 70m high domed church. The prince was 10 years old when Barelli was sacked and replaced by Enrico Zuccalli, who added towers to the design, and the church was consecrated a year later. A year after that the electress died but the church was not complete until Max Emanuel had been on the electoral throne more than 12 years. Eventually he was laid to rest here with other Wittelsbach monarchs. A century after the church was begun, Cuvilliés recast the facade in Rococo style.

West of Odeonsplatz, the art precinct Kunstareal begins. Königsplatz, a Klenze Classical showpiece, is surrounded by the sculpture halls of the Glyptothek and Staatliche Antikensammlungen and set off by the Propyläen, commemorating Greece’s war of independence of the 1820s and 1830s.

North of Odeonsplatz, on Ludwigstraße, the Ludwigskirche shows a mixture of Romanesque forms with Neoclassicism and Byzantine shapes. Its design was copied internationally but its interior is no less impressive, dominated by Peter von Cornelius’ Last Judgement, one of the world’s largest murals at almost 20m high.

In the centre of the street in the university precinct is the triumphal arch of the Siegestor, designed by Gärtner with the Arch of Constantine in Rome as inspiration in belated dedication to the Bavarian army’s role in the wars of Napoleon – in which Bavaria was often a French ally. The quadriga on top, fashioned with Wittelsbach lions, crashed to the ground during heavy air raids but was restored and the gate now carries an inscription on the south side, urging peace.

East of the Siegestor, the parklands of Englischer Garten spread along the river Isar where the Wittelsbachs formerly kept hunting grounds. Its name was inspired by the free layout fashionable early in the 19th century, introduced by Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell. It is perhaps better known now for nude sunbathing in one area and the popular summer surfing wave at the Eisbach bridge, but its true significance comes from being one of Europe’s earliest public parks, studded with follies and pavilions, including the Neoclassical Monopteros, a teahouse and a beer garden.

Best sights outside Munich

The Ruhmeshalle on Theresienhöhe above Theresienwiese, south of the Altstadt, is another nationalistic monument commissioned by Ludwig I, completed in Neoclassical style by Leo von Klenze in 1853. It’s an open, colonnaded gallery built to show busts of great Bavarians. The statue of Bavaria, cast by Ferdinand von Miller to the design of Ludwig von Schwanthaler, has narrow stairs inside and an equally narrow view from the platform inside (mind your head). It offers a great view of the Oktoberfest fairgrounds and some say the Alps can be glimpsed on a clear day.

Two half-day visits can cover two sprawling palace precincts. The summer palace Schloß Nymphenburg, west of the city centre, was begun in 1664 by Agostino Barelli for the elector Ferdinand Maria’s consort Henriette Adelaide. The feature of the chambers is the Steinerner Saal by the Rococo masters Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Cuvilliés, but the palace also houses the Marstall-Museum, showing the princely carriages and liveries, Porzellansammlung Bäuml and the natural history collection of the Museum Mensch und Natur.

The 180 hectares of Schloßpark Nymphenburg, with fountains and canal, was begun by Charles Carbonet in the Versailles tradition, the second stage being carried through the elector Max Emanuel and the Baroque enlargement with necessary hydraulics was supervised by Joseph Effner for Karl Albrecht and Max III Joseph. Sckell reshaped the landscape with lakes early in the 19th century. A room in the palace is devoted to its complex history. For an experience in contrasts, visit the hermit lodge Magdalenenklause beyond the Palmenhaus and over the bridge of the transverse canal in the wooded area north of the main park canal.

It would be shame to ignore the pavilions of Schloßpark Nymphenburg, which are open from April to mid-October only. Contemporary oriental fashion inspired the interiors of the octagonal early 18th century Pagodenburg standing beside the lake north of the canal. Its compact pattern, by Effner, may have been influenced by the so-called Baghdad Pagoda in Istanbul or by French buildings, but the structure and decoration form a unique blend of style and invention. The name is put down to the pictures of idols representing Chinese deities. The white-blue tiled ground-floor interiors mix Oriental landscapes and ornament. The upstairs decoration is painted and panelled.

The later hunting lodge Amalienburg is another Rococo masterpiece by Cuvilliés, built for the electress Maria Amalia. Cuvilliés opposes mirrors and windows strikingly in the main hall and the stucco work is by Zimmermann. The bedroom depicting the electress and her husband Karl Albrecht includes carved panelling. The hunt room shows the court in various scenes, all incorporated into the wall decoration. The Fasanenzimmer, for its pheasant theme, uses oriental styles of decoration in waxed and painted linen and the kitchen continues in eastern taste, this time in painted tiles.

Effner is responsible for the other pavilions. The Badenburg looks out on the lake taking its name on the south side of the central canal. It was built as a bathhouse in the Roman-inspired French fashion and the heating equipment for the bath remains. Oriental rooms are again part of the interior. Despite its purpose, the pavilion required a two-storey banquet hall. The stucco and frescoes shown today are recreated from the originals by Jacopo Amigoni, destroyed during World War II. The exterior was given a Neoclassical makeover by Klenze in the 19th century.

To the north of the city at Oberschleißheim is the Baroque Neues Schloß Schleißheim, which should be better known. It was to be an emperor’s Versailles, designed by Enrico Zuccalli and built in stages to serve the imperial ambitions of Max Emanuel. The main wing took 15 years to complete, partly due to the elector’s temporary exile. Effner was the eventual interior designer, using artists including Cosmas Damian Asam, who painted the vault fresco above Effner’s staircase to the banquet ball. Paintings of Max Emanuel’s Turkish campaigns are part of the interiors. Klenze reworked the facade early in the 18th century. The Hofgarten is open free and the fountains operate daily in warmer months.

But the Neues Schloß is only one of three Schleißheim palaces. Just west of the new palace is Altes Schloß Schleißheim, started at the end of the 16th century as the retreat of the duke Wilhelm V. The pious duke had several chapels built in the manor and was in the habit of moving from one to another. The complex was stripped back and rebuilt for Wilhelm’s son Maximilian I, who had been inspired by the Italian designs of the Palladio school. The result was a squared complex with three large courtyards, of which two remain. Heavy war damage demanded almost complete reconstruction of parts, although important interior features were preserved. Inside is a small museum of Bavarian-Prussian history and religious folk icons, unfortunately without English text.

The hunting lodge Schloß Lustheim at the east end of the Schloßpark was Zuccalli’s earlier design for Max Emanuel on the occasion of his wedding to a Habsburg princess. The ceiling frescoes of the ornate Festsaal depict Diana (also goddess of childbirth) at the hunt. Zuccalli’s prized Baroque garden, almost a kilometre long between Schloß Lustheim and the Neues Schloß, is almost unaltered, laid out with cascade, parallel canals, an extended park area and aquatic engineering by Dominique Girard. The lodge also houses the Ernst Schneider collection of Meissen porcelain, second only to the Dresden displays.

Oktoberfest, the Munich beer festival known locally as Die Wiesn that attracts six million people each year from mid-September, has been cancelled for 2020. For 2021 details, watch www.oktoberfest.de/en.

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Great Cities of Germany

Füssen

Füssen travel guide PDF in 3 pages

The tiny town at the foot of the Alps has its own medieval castle and Baroque monastery as well as being the jumping-off point for visits to the famous Romantic castles nearby.

● How to visit Schloß Neuschwanstein and Schloß Hohenschwangau

● The Wieskirche, a UNESCO-listed Rococo pilgrimage church, is a short ride away

● The town’s own castle, churches and museums

Hyperlink access to essential tourist and accommodation information

Koblenz

Koblenz travel guide, new for 2020

Koblenz is a fascinating city with Roman roots and a history shared by France as well as German speakers, shaping a unique Rhenish identity. At the heart of the Rhine UNESCO world heritage area, Koblenz is a short river cruise or train ride from two famous Rhine river castles.

● The city is dominated by the Ehrenbreitstein fortress, reached by the Koblenz cable car across the Rhine near the Moselle junction at Deutsches Eck

● The medieval Marksburg castle and the Romantic Stolzenfels are in easy reach

● The ancient Basilika St Kastor, site of negotiations that partitioned the empire of Charlemagne

● Suggested Koblenz hotels, both central and offering Rhine views

● All the best museums, including the Ehrenbreitstein museums and the experiential Romanticum

Bonn

Bonn travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Bonn, Germany's Cold War capital of democracy, has one of the longest stories of any German city. Romans and prince-archbishops left their mark in monuments and palaces, but an intriguing variety of churches also shapes one of Germany's greenest and most graceful cities. In the year of Beethoven's 250th birthday, this eight-page travel guide covers plenty of things to do in Bonn.

● The Beethoven-Haus Museum, the Bundeskunsthalle and the Haus der Geschichte, chronicling German's late 20th century return to democracy and - eventually - unity.

● Details of essential services, transport links and fares, accommodation, tours and discount entry deals at museums

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Aachen

Aachen travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The Romans developed the hot springs at Aachen, then 1200 years ago the Frankish king Charlemagne set up his court there and the town became the centre of his empire. The 2018 Raven Guide to Aachen is available for free download now.

● A guide to Charlemagne's church, which grew to become the present Aachen cathedral, one of the first world heritage sites

● The Roman and medieval survivals of the city and details of the city tour

● Essential services with hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Eisenach

Eisenach travel guide PDF in 4 pages

The new Raven guide to the Thuringian town, birthplace of Bach and hiding place of Martin Luther early in his revolt against the established church. It is also the site of one of Germany’s great medieval castles, with links to another great German composer, Wagner, and a centre of automobile making.

● Guide to the Wartburg castle

● Guides to the Bach museum of his life and work and museum of car manufacture

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Lutherstadt Wittenberg

Wittenberg travel guide PDF in 4 pages

More than 500 years after Martin Luther's Reformation, this free guide covers the place where it all began. The town was the cradle of the religious movement that threw off the structures of the Catholic church and shaped new ideas and ways of worship, but also more than a century of bitter conflict that shaped Germany forever.

● Key sites, now world heritage monuments, include Luther's house and the castle

● The church where Luther's revolt began and churches Luther and his associates preached

● Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation

Bamberg

Bamberg travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The layout of the UNESCO heritage-listed city centre and a range of Baroque and medieval architecture makes Bamberg one of Germany’s most beautiful cities.

● The Romanesque cathedral, the opulent bishops’ Residenz palace, and its Renaissance predecessor dominate the old town

● The old town hall in the middle of the river Regnitz and the mysterious statue Bamberger Reiter attract millions of travellers

● Summaries of 35 historic sites and museums

● Information on tours, parks, food and the arts

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Trier

Trier travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The Roman Trier was at one time second only to Rome itself. It was home to one of the most powerful Roman emperors, Constantine the Great, and later to Karl Marx. Signs of its past greatness remain for travellers to marvel at. Germany’s oldest city – and one of its oldest cathedrals – remain and are world-heritage listed.

● Read about the ancient Roman city gate Porta Nigra, the Roman bath complexes, a well-preserved amphitheatre and Constantine’s former imperial palace, plus the buildings of the medieval city

● The guide includes more than 30 sites, churches and museums, with essential services, *transport links, transit and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Rothenburg travel guide PDF in 4 pages

Completely walled with more than 40 towers, the cobbled pedestrian streets of the Romantic Road town perched above the Tauber valley are little changed since the 17th century, with medieval and Renaissance half-timbered houses and stone churches.

● The guide includes 17 sites and museums and an excursion to the Franconian open-air museum at nearby Bad Windsheim

● Essential services, transport links, food tips and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and websites for many of the town’s small accommodation houses

Potsdam

Potsdam travel guide in 11 pages

Potsdam is a curious but beautiful mixture of Prussian palaces and military buildings established by its martial rulers. The Stadtschloß palace was the first royal residence and others gradually multiplied in the city's extensive parklands over 250 years. The city’s minorities grew with waves of immigration, leaving the Dutch quarter Holländisches Viertel, a Bohemian district and the Russian colony Siedlung Alexandrowka and its tiny Orthodox church. This guide offers:

● An introduction to the delicate Rococo palace Schloß Sanssouci and the palaces and pavilions of Park Sanssouci with brief histories

● The story of Potsdam’s ornate city gates, its Baroque streetscapes and 15 museums

● Details of essential services, transport links and fares, accommodation, food and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Regensburg

Regensburg travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The streets, archways and buildings of this medieval city, which grew from remains of a Roman legionary camp, remain. The range of ancient monuments and its streetscapes justify Regensburg’s world heritage listing.

● One of Germany’s classic Gothic cathedrals, several medieval churches, rare Gothic tower houses and one of Germany’s oldest stone bridges

Almost 30 sites and museums, including the nearby Walhalla gallery of great Germanic figures of history

● Information on essential services, transport links and urban transit and fares plus listings of travel essentials

● Hyperlink access to accommodation websites and further tourist information

Würzburg

Würzburg travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The prince-bishops who controlled Würzburg for centuries built wealth, power and influence expressed in Baroque by their huge palace, the UNESCO world-heritage Residenz. Their medieval castle still commands the city, reached by a stone bridge.

● Summaries of Würzburg’s grand residences, the medieval cathedral, churches and other sites

Museums and galleries including one of Europe’s prominent Jewish museums

Tours, essential services, transport links, transit services and fares and food tips

● Hyperlink access to accommodation and further tourist information websites

Passau

Passau travel guide PDF in 4 pages

The border city of three rivers includes the Baroque cathedral of St Stephan, with one of the world’s largest organs, the fortress Veste Oberhaus and the well preserved old town.

● Descriptions of 13 sites and museums, including the exhibits of Passau’s Roman past and history of glass manufacture

● Details of essential services, transport links and urban buses including fares, accommodation, food, tours and spectacular views

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Dinkelsbühl

Dinkelsbühl travel guide PDF in 2 pages

This short guide covers a tiny medieval walled town, left unchanged by a royal decree and now a favourite of artists and a small number of travellers.

● Dinkelsbühl’s town walls and many Gothic and Renaissance buildings keep its atmosphere alive

● Small hotels, pensions and restaurants complement the historical scene

● Essential services, tourist and transport information are included with hyperlinks to accommodation

Augsburg

Augsburg travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The wealth and influence of Augsburg’s powerful families brought the Renaissance to Germany at a time when the city was also the site of key events of the Reformation.

● The home of Germany’s onion-domed towers, museums with magnificent works of art, and one of the beautiful Renaissance streets of Germany, the Maximilianstraße

Guides to more than 30 sites, including monuments to Roman settlement

Transport links and fares, food and tours

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Heidelberg

Heidelberg travel guide PDF in 7 pages

The most common description for Heidelberg is Romantic. This comes from its valley location, half-ruined castle and the towered stone bridge crossing the river Neckar.

● Explore Heidelberg’s cobbled streets in search of the essence of the city – Germany’s oldest university, the churches, monuments to its religious struggles, and its restaurants and cafes

● Discover the castle, its history, and the funicular railway that makes the climb – and vantage points above the city – much easier

● Several budget hotel and private hostels that help make Heidelberg accommodation affordable, plus hyperlink access to other accommodation and tourist information sites

● Guides to 27 sites and museums

Goslar

Goslar travel guide PDF in 5 pages

The medieval town has hundreds of colourful half-timbered houses, Romanesque churches and the Kaiserpfalz, one of Germany’s oldest palaces. Its ancient Rammelsberg mines were the source of its wealth and are partly responsible for the town’s world heritage status.

19 sites and museums including the finest town houses

● A town walk and Rammelsberg tour

● Information on transport links plus listings of travel essentials and hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

● An excursion to the nearby half-timbered Harz town Wernigerode

Lübeck

Lübeck travel guide PDF in 7 pages

Trade made Lübeck the centre of the Baltic and the red-brick Gothic old town its merchant wealth built is now UNESCO world heritage-listed. Its churches, town houses and civic institutions are preserved and restored.

● The commercial and civic culture of the city through guides to 30 sites, museums and galleries

Tours, the best views and food options with other travel essentials

● Information on transport links and transit services including fares

● Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation

Berlin

Berlin travel guide PDF

Get 34 pages of things to do in Berlin free. Berlin is used to crisis, novelty and immigrants – so to visit Berlin is to visit many Berlins. The city that the Enlightenment and industrial progress created survived years of destruction and division.

● Descriptions of places to visit in Berlin including more than 60 historic sites, with guides to walking sections of the Berlin Wall, its museums and its memorials

● A complete guide to what to do in Berlin, including tours, cruises, parks and the best views

● Separate sections for the districts Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg and Neukölln, Schöneberg-Tempelhof, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and Spandau, with local food and accommodation lists and quick guides to essential services

● Summary of major transport links with Berlin

● How to use urban transit services including Berlin U-Bahn and S-Bahn, with their differences and the fares

● Summaries of more than 50 Berlin museums of history, art and culture, and information on all major performance groups including orchestras, opera and theatre

● Short history of the city and its precincts

● Hyperlinks to websites for Berlin hotels and hostels and further tourist information

Bremen

Bremen travel guide PDF in 8 pages

One of Germany’s oldest cities includes UNESCO world heritage monuments, ornate Renaissance architecture with a regional stamp, the story of world travellers including emigrants to the US and arts precincts with works by some of the most innovative German artists. This guide is updated for 2020.

● The ancient St Petri cathedral and 11 other sites including the giant Roland figure

17 Bremen museums including art and the remarkable Übersee-Museum, with exhibits of the wonders of the continents touched by Bremen’s worldwide trade interests

Transport links and the city’s complicated transit system explained

● Hyperlink access to websites for accommodation houses and further tourist information

Dresden

Dresden travel guide PDF in 11 pages

Twice over the centuries, Dresden has been an amazing place. The first period was the Baroque magnificence of the 17th and 18th centuries. The second is now, with much of the city’s splendour restored.

Dresden's city palaces with their museums and galleries, highlighted by the two Green Vault museums, are among the most remarkable in Germany

● The exquisite, rebuilt Frauenkirche

● The Saxon ducal and royal summer palaces of Pillnitz and Moritzburg

● In all, 30 museums and galleries of art and culture

● Information on tours, essential services, parks and views, food and performing arts

● Details of excursions to the medieval city of Meissen, centre of European porcelain, and the fortress of Königstein

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Hamburg

Hamburg travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Germany’s mighty port city attracts travellers from all over the world and was the departure point for generations of migrants. ● 25 sites, ships, museums, monuments and churches that reflect Hamburg’s maritime and trading traditions

● The UNESCO world heritage Speicherstadt, centre of Hamburg’s former free port

● Essential services are listed with a choice of tours, including port tours

● Information on transport links and extensive urban transit services including fares

● Listings of essential traveller services

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

● The city’s arts and music scene, including opera

Nuremberg (Nürnberg)

Nuremberg travel guide PDF in 8 pages

Modern Nuremberg has preserved or restored many walled and historic areas. The city’s leading late medieval citizens were some of the best known German personalities. Then came the Nazis.

● Guides to 20 buildings, historic streets and monuments, among them the Kaiserburg, the castle of early imperial German assemblies

● 13 museums, including Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Germany’s leading cultural history museum

● The courts of the post-World War II war crimes trials, now also a museum

Transport links, urban transit, tours and essential services

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Cologne (Köln)

Cologne travel guide PDF in 15 pages

Cologne is Roman, medieval and modern all at once, a city known for piety, carnival and perfume. Travellers can walk the historic centre and the remains of the Roman wall. The guide has been updated for 2019-20 and expanded with new material.

Germany’s mightiest cathedral, which took more than 600 years to complete

● Cologne’s Roman and medieval walls and gates picked out for travellers

● 12 precious Romanesque churches with historical background

● In all, 25 sites and 17 museums of art, history and culture including the Römisch-Germanisches Museum and associated archaeological sites

Transport links and urban transit services including fares

Tours, parks, views, food and performing arts

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites

Stuttgart

Stuttgart travel guide PDF in 6 pages

The Baden-Württemberg capital is one of Germany’s beautiful lifestyle cities, surrounded by hills and some of the country’s most beautiful palaces and pleasure pavilions.

● 10 sites including Stuttgart’s castle complexes, Schloß Solitude and the magnificent palaces of Ludwigsburg nearby

● 10 museums and galleries of art

Tours, walks through the city’s extensive parks and views

● Guide to essential services and hyperlinks to tourist information and accommodation house websites and a guide to performance art

Munich (München)

Munich travel guide PDF in 13 pages

Munich was founded by monks and built up by dukes and kings, but became a centre of revolution as well as a home for arts, industry and travellers enjoying the good life.

● Germany’s largest museum, Deutsches Museum, and some of its richest art museums

● The city’s extensive palaces and palace gardens are featured

● Almost 30 museums of history, art and culture

● 30 historic sites in and around the city

● Information on major performance groups including orchestras and opera

Accommodation, food and a guide to essential services including transport links and urban transit services and fares

● A choice of city tours and some of its finest views

● Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites