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Three surprisingly little-known palaces await visitors prepared to take the Munich S-bahn to Oberschleißheim, about 13km north of Munich.
The Baroque Neues Schloß Schleißheim (Apr-Sep Tu-Su 9-18, Nov-Mar Tu-Su 10-16) was to be an emperor’s Versailles, designed by Enrico Zuccalli and built in stages to serve the imperial ambitions of the elector prince Max Emanuel. The main wing (1719) took 15 years to complete, partly due to Zuccalli’s problems with foundations and partly because of the elector’s temporary exile.
Joseph Effner was the eventual interior designer, using artists including Cosmas Damian Asam — famous for his work in Munich’s Asamkirche — who painted the vault fresco above Effner’s extraordinary staircase to the banquet ball. Paintings of Max Emanuel’s Turkish campaigns are a feature of the interiors, as are richly painted ceilings.
The main wing includes four state apartments, but its highlights are the fantastic reliefs in the main hall, the Großer Saal, the ornate reliefs and painting of the Viktoriensaal, and the long Große Galerie, with its portraiture and scenes, overlooking the garden.
An idea of the original scope of the plan is available from a model on display.
Leo von Klenze reworked the facade early in the 18th century. The Baroque Hofgarten (see image on the slider above) is open free similar hours or a little later (to 20.00 May-Aug) as well as Mondays and the fountains operate daily (Apr-mid Sep 10-16).
Concerts and recitals, both indoors and in the open air, take place at the palace in summer.
Just west of the new palace is Altes Schloß Schleißheim (Apr-Sep Tu-Su 9-18, Nov-Mar Tu-Su 10-16), started in 1598 as the retreat of the duke Wilhelm V. The pious duke had several chapels built in the manor and was in the habit of moving from one to another.
The complex was stripped back and rebuilt between 1617 and 1623, probably with designs by Heinrich Schön or Hans Krumpper, for Wilhelm’s son Maximilian I, who had been inspired by the Italian designs of the Palladio school. The result was a squared complex with three large courtyards, of which two, including the Wilhelmshof, remain.
Heavy war damage demanded almost complete reconstruction of parts, although important interior features were preserved. Inside is a small museum of Bavarian-Prussian history and religious folk icons, unfortunately without English text.
The hunting lodge Schloß Lustheim (1688) at the east end of the Schloßpark was Zuccalli’s earlier design for Max Emanuel on the occasion of his wedding to a Habsburg princess. The ceiling frescoes of the ornate Festsaal depict Diana (also goddess of childbirth) at the hunt.
Zuccalli’s prized Baroque garden, almost a kilometre long between Schloß Lustheim and the Neues Schloß, is almost unaltered, laid out with cascade, parallel canals and an extended park area. The aquatic engineering was completed by Dominique Girard. The lodge (Apr-Sep Tu-Su 9-18, Nov-Mar Tu-Su 10-17) also houses the Ernst Schneider collection of Meissen porcelain.
A combination card for visiting the three Oberschleißheim palaces is available.
For Neues Schloß Schleißheim, take S1 to Oberschleißheim and walk 10 minutes south on Mittenheimerstraße to Effnerstraße, where the Wilhelmshof portion of the palace complex begins. There is at least half a day’s walk around the Baroque grounds and adjacent palaces for the visitor.
To start the three-palace tour at Schloß Lustheim, take bus 292 (M-F) from the Oberschleißheim station to Lustheim.
For more on Munich for travellers, consult the Munich budget PDF guide, downloadable free from the Great Cities of Germany section below. An update is in preparation for later this year.
The tiny town at the foot of the Alps has its own medieval castle and Baroque monastery as well as being the jumping-off point for visits to the nearby Romantic castles of Schloß Neuschwanstein and Schloß Hohenschwangau. A short ride from Füssen is the Wieskirche, a UNESCO-listed Rococo pilgrimage church. This concise guide includes all castles, sites, churches and museums as well as the essential services and transport information necessary to visit these treasures. Hyperlink access to accommodation websites included.
The 2018 Raven Guide to Aachen, city of Charlemagne, is available for free download now. Even earlier than the Romans, the local hot springs was highly valued, but 1200 years ago the Frankish king who set up his court there, leaving buildings that still stand and making Aachen eventually the centre of an empire. Charlemagne's church, which grew to become the present cathedral, was one of the first world heritage sites.
The new Raven guide to the Thuringian town, birthplace of Bach, with its museum of the life of the great composer, history of car manufacture and one of Germany's best preserved medieval castles, is now available for travellers for free download. Eisenach, as a hiding place of Martin Luther early in his revolt against the established church, also played a key role in the Reformation.
More than 500 years after Martin Luther's Reformation, Raven Guides presents its free guide to the place where it all began. The town now known as Lutherstadt Wittenberg was the cradle of the religious movement that threw off the the structures of the Catholic church and shaped now ideas and ways of worship, but also more than a century of bitter conflict that shaped Germany forever. Key sites associated with this revolution have become listed world heritage monuments, including Luther's house, the church where his revolt began, and the place he preached.
The layout of the UNESCO heritage-listed old town and a range of Baroque and medieval architecture makes Bamberg one of Germany’s most beautiful cities. The 5-page guide covers the Romanesque cathedral, the opulent episcopal palace the Residenz and the old town hall in the middle of the river – summaries of 35 historic sites and museums in all. Information on essentials for travellers, tours, parks and musical performances. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
The Roman Trier was at one time second only to Rome. It was home to one of the most powerful Roman emperors, Constantine the Great, as well as Karl Marx. Signs of its past greatness remain, including the ancient city gate Porta Nigra, Roman baths, an amphitheatre and Constantine’s former imperial palace, plus the buildings of the medieval city. This guide of 7 pages includes more than 30 sites and museums, with essential services, transport links, transit services, tours and hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
Completely walled with more than 40 towers, the cobbled pedestrian streets of the Romantic Road town above the Tauber valley are little changed since the 17th century. The 4-page guide includes 17 sites and museums and an excursion to the Franconian open-air museum at nearby Bad Windsheim. Essential services, transport links, food and tours with hyperlink access to further tourist information and websites for many of the town’s small accommodation houses.
The Stadtschloß palace was the first Prussian royal residence and palaces and pavilions eventually multiplied in extensive parklands. This guide of 8 pages covers the many sites, chiefly the Rococo palace Schloß Sanssouci, the Dutch quarter Holländisches Viertel, the Russian colony Siedlung Alexandrowka and its Orthodox church, 10 museums, the Nikolaikirche, the surviving ornate city gates and the Baroque streetscapes. Essential services, transport links and fares, accommodation, food and tours with hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
The medieval streets, archways and buildings of this former Roman camp remain. One of Germany’s classic Gothic cathedrals, several medieval churches, rare Gothic tower houses and one of Germany’s oldest bridges combined to justify the city’s world heritage listing. Information on essential services, transport links and urban transit services and fares plus listings of travel essentials are part of this 6-page guide. Almost 30 sites and museums, including the nearby Walhalla gallery of great Germanic figures of history, with hyperlink access to accommodation websites and further tourist information.
The prince-bishops who controlled Würzburg for centuries built wealth, power and influence expressed in Baroque by their huge palace the Residenz. Their medieval castle still commands the city, reached by an ancient stone bridge. This 7-page guide includes more than 30 grand residences, churches, museums and galleries, including one of Europe’s prominent Jewish museums. Essential services, transport links, transit services and fares, food and tours plus hyperlink access to accommodation and further tourist information websites.
This 4-page guide to the city of three rivers includes the Baroque cathedral of St Stephan, with one of the world’s largest organs, the fortress Veste Oberhaus and the well preserved old town. In all there are 13 sites and museums, including the exhibits of Passau’s Roman past and glass manufacture. Details of essential services, transport links and urban transit services including fares, accommodation, food, tours and views. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
This short guide covers a tiny medieval walled town, left in its unchanged state by a royal decree and now a favourite of artists and a small number of travellers. Dinkelsbühl’s walls and many Gothic and Renaissance buildings keep its historical atmosphere alive and its small hotels, pensions and restaurants complement this scene. Essential services and transport information are included with hyperlinks to most accommodation.
The wealth and influence of the city’s powerful families brought the Renaissance to Germany at a time when Augsburg was also the centre of key events of the Reformation. First a Roman settlement, it also has some of Germany’s oldest remains and is known for its many onion-domed towers and magnificent works of art. This 6-page guide includes more than 30 sites and museums plus essentials, transport links and fares, accommodation, food and tours with hyperlink access to further information websites.
The most common description for Heidelberg is Romantic. This comes from its valley location, half-ruined castle, and the towered stone bridge across the Neckar. But this 8-page guide also explores the city’s cobbled streets in search of the essence of the city – Germany’s oldest university, the churches that are monuments to its religious struggles, and its restaurants and cafes. Find out about the funicular railway that makes the climb to the castle – and vantage points above the city – much easier, and several of the budget hotels and private hostels that help make accommodation in Heidelberg affordable. The 2017 Raven Guide to the Romantic charms of Heidelberg is downloadable free here now.
The medieval town has a colourful array of half-timbered houses, Romanesque churches and the Kaiserpfalz, one of Germany’s oldest palaces. Its ancient Rammelsberg mines are partly responsible for the town’s world heritage status. The 5-page guide covers 19 sites and museums, a town walk, Rammelsberg tour and an excursion to the nearby half-timbered Harz town Wernigerode. Information on transport links plus listings of travel essentials and hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
Trade made Lübeck the centre of the Baltic and the red-brick Gothic old town its merchant wealth built is now UNESCO world heritage-listed. Its churches, town houses and civic institutions are preserved and restored. In 7 pages this guide describes the commercial and civic culture of the city through summaries of 30 sites, museums and galleries. Information on travel essentials, transport links and transit services including fares, tours, parks, views and food. Hyperlinks to further tourist information and to websites for city accommodation.
A concise but detailed Berlin travel guide of 31 pages including separate sections for the districts Mitte, Prenzlauer Berg, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg (with Neukölln), Schöneberg-Tempelhof, Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and Spandau, with local food and accommodation and quick guides to essential services. A summary of all transport links with Berlin and urban transit services including fares. Summaries of more than 50 museums of history, art and culture, more than 60 historic sites and information on all major performance groups including orchestras, opera and theatre. Included are a short history of the city with guides to walking sections of the Berlin Wall and its memorials, the city’s historic precincts, churches and public buildings, parks, views, tours and cruises. In the text are hyperlinks to websites for accommodation houses and further information.
A guide in 6 pages to one of Germany’s oldest cities including its UNESCO world heritage monuments, the ornate Renaissance town hall and the giant Roland figure, plus 10 other sites. Among 17 Bremen museums summarised are some of Germany’s leading houses of art and the remarkable Übersee-Museum, with exhibits of the wonders of the continents touched by Bremen’s worldwide trade interests. Essential services, transport and city transit details and tours, complete with hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
The palaces of Baroque Dresden with their museums and galleries, highlighted by the two Green Vault museums, are among the most remarkable in Germany. This 11-page guide covers 18 palaces, monuments and other sites and 30 museums as well as information on essential services, accommodation, tours, parks and views, food and performing arts. Details of excursions to the medieval city of Meissen, centre of European porcelain, the summer palaces of Pillnitz and Moritzburg, and the fortress of Königstein are provided. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
This 8-page guide to the port city includes the unique Speicherstadt, centre of the former free port, and a range of 25 sites, ships, museums, monuments and churches that reflect Hamburg’s maritime and trading traditions. Essential services are listed with a choice of tours, the city’s best views and parks. Information on transport links and urban transit services including fares plus listings of travel essentials. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites and a guide to Hamburg music including the city’s opera.
Modern Nuremberg has preserved or restored many walled and historic areas, including the Kaiserburg, the castle of early imperial assemblies that today provides a view over the old town. The city’s leading late medieval citizens were some of the best known German personalities. This 8-page guide includes 20 buildings, streets and monuments plus 14 museums. These include the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Germany’s leading cultural history museum, and the courts of the post-World War II war crimes trials. Essential services, transport links, transit services, tours and hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
The city’s Roman and medieval walls, cathedral and 12 Romanesque churches are features of this 11-page guide. Walks cover the historic city centre and the remains of the Roman wall. Summaries of 25 sites and 17 museums of art, history and culture including the Römisch-Germanisches Museum of Cologne’s Roman and medieval past and its associated archaeological sites. Information on all essential services, transport links and urban transit services including fares, accommodation, tours, parks and views, food and performing arts. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.
This 6-page guide to the historic city contains summaries of 10 sites including Stuttgart’s castle complexes, Schloß Solitude and the magnificent palaces of nearby Ludwigsburg. A listing of 10 museums and galleries, a guide to essential services, tours and the city’s extensive parks. Information on transport links and urban transit services including fares, accommodation, food and views. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites and a guide to performance art.
A concise Munich travel guide of 13 pages including accommodation, food and a quick guide to essential services. Germany’s largest museum, Deutsches Museum, and the city’s extensive palaces and palace gardens are featured. Information on all transport links with Munich and urban transit services including fares. Parks, a choice of tours and where to find views. Summaries of almost 30 museums of history, art and culture, 30 historic sites in and around the city and information on major performance groups including orchestras and opera. Hyperlink access to further tourist information and accommodation websites.